Getting started with Tailwind CSS in Next.js

Photo by Markus Spiske

Getting started with Tailwind CSS in Next.js

Posted on 27th June 2020

Tailwind CSS is an awesome CSS framework. It gives us enough styling options without being too opinionated. Lately I’ve being using it along with Next.js. In this post I’ll show how to setup a Next.js project with Tailwind CSS.

Setting up the Next.js project

Start with initializing a project.

bash
npm init --yes

Then install the React and Next.js dependencies.

bash
npm install react react-dom next

Next add the following scripts in package.json.

package.json

json
{
"scripts": {
"dev": "next",
"build": "next build",
"start": "next start"
}
}

After that let’s create a layout component to wrap all our components in all the pages. Create the src folder. In it create another folder called components and in it create Layout.js.

src/components/Layout.js

jsx
const Layout = ({ children }) => {
return (
<div>
<main>{children}</main>
</div>
);
};
export default Layout;

Next let’s create the index page in out application. In the project root create the pages folder and in it create index.js.

pages/index.js

jsx
import Layout from "../src/components/Layout";
const Index = () => {
return (
<Layout>
<h1>Next.js Tailwind CSS starter</h1>
</Layout>
);
};
export default Index;

To start the development server just run the dev script.

bash
npm run dev

When you http://localhost:3000/ in your browser you see the following.

Adding Tailwind CSS

First install Tailwind CSS as a dev dependency.

bash
npm install tailwindcss postcss-preset-env -D

Next we need to create the Tailwind the config file. We can create a minimal config file with the following command.

bash
npx tailwindcss init

Since Tailwind CSS has thousands of CSS classes the CSS file will end up very big.

Since we will will rarely use the all classes, we should specify which classes to include the final CSS file. Fortunately Tailwind CSS has a built in PurgeCSS tool which can be used to remove all unused classes.

In the tailwind.config.js add all the React component files in the purge property. In our case we will add all files in the pages and components folders.

tailwind.config.js

javascript
module.exports = {
purge: ["./pages/**/*.js", "./src/components/**/*.js"],
theme: {
extend: {},
},
variants: {},
plugins: [],
};

Next we need to create the root CSS file where we will import Tailwind CSS. In the src folder create the styles folder and it add the index.css file.

src/styles/index.css

css
@tailwind base;
@tailwind components;
@tailwind utilities;

After that we need to import the CSS to our application. In Next.js we have to do it in the _app.js file. Create the _app.js file in the pages folder.

pages/_app.js

jsx
import "../src/styles/index.css";
const MyApp = ({ Component, pageProps }) => {
return <Component {...pageProps} />;
};
export default MyApp;

Finally we need to setup PostCSS to include Tailwind CSS. In the project root create the postcss.config.js file.

postcss.config.js

jsx
module.exports = {
plugins: ["tailwindcss", "postcss-preset-env"],
};

Conclusion

That’s all you need to do to start using Tailwind CSS in your Next.js project. You can style your components by adding the classes in the className prop.

For example, we can style the title in the index page like this.

pages/index.js

jsx
import Layout from "../src/components/Layout";
const Index = () => {
return (
<Layout>
<h1 className="text-6xl font-semibold italic">
Next.js Tailwind CSS starter
</h1>
</Layout>
);
};
export default Index;

We can center all the content by adding some classes to the Layout component.

pages/index.js

jsx
const Layout = ({ children }) => {
return (
<div>
<main className="container mx-auto">{children}</main>
</div>
);
};
export default Layout;

All the code in this post can be found in GitHub.

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